Add all the ingredients to the bowl of a food processor. Pulse until finely and evenly chopped, scraping down the sides of the bowl if needed. The tapenade will be quite thick and chunky. If you like a smoother texture, keep processing and add up to 2 tbsp (30 ml) extra-virgin olive oil until you reach the desired consistency.
STORAGE: This tapenade is best made at least 1 day ahead as resting allows flavors to fully develop. Store the tapenade in an airtight container in the refrigerator until needed. If storing the tapenade for more than 1 week, smooth out the top and pour a thin layer of olive oil over the tapenade to cover it completely. Repeat the smoothing and olive oil covering process every time you use some of the tapenade. This will prevent any contact with air and allow you to store the tapenade for weeks. You can also freeze the tapenade for up to 1 month. (No need to cover with olive oil if freezing.) Thaw frozen tapenade overnight in the fridge.
SERVING: Serve this green olive tapenade with crudités, crackers, pita chips, or fresh or toasted baguette slices, or use it to enhance a quick meal, such as grilled or braised meats, fish, and seafood. You can also use it to dress up pasta or swirl into risotto.
NOTE: It’s essential to use roasted almonds in this recipe as the roasted nuts impart a lovely, slightly smoky flavor to the tapenade. To roast raw almonds, spread over a baking sheet and place in a preheated 325°F (160°C) oven for 10 minutes, shaking the sheet halfway through. Let cool completely, then use as indicated, or store in an airtight container in the fridge until needed.
MAKE IT VEGAN: Omit the anchovy.
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