What do you do with 5 pounds of tomatoes? I like BLTs but a sandwich now and then is not a productive way to use up all the ripe tomatoes that are in season right now. I got a really big bunch yesterday from my local farmer’s market and since I’ll be going away on vacation in just a week, I had to do something to preserve them right away. I’m in an Italian state of mind, so guess what I did?
Italians like canned tomatoes. They argue that you can hardly get better tomatoes than canned San Marzano, picked at their ripest and preserved in a matter of hours. It is indeed a great way to enjoy the fresh taste of tomatoes year round. However, when tomatoes are in season, it is a bit of a sin to think of using their canned counterparts (even Italians will agree). Of course, you have to gather the courage to peel your tomatoes, chop them up and cook the sauce for a while, but once you’re done, you realize it was much quicker and painless than you remembered. And that the vivacious taste of a fresh tomato sauce is incomparable.
A couple of notes:
Peeling fresh tomatoes
It’s much easier than you think. Bring a big pot of water to a boil. Slice a shallow “X” on the bottom of each tomato. Plunge them in the boiling water until you see their skin roll back, 10 to 15 seconds. Fish them out: you’ll see that your tomatoes are ready to undress without much help. You’re done!
Slice a shallow “X” on the bottom of each tomato.
Tomatoes, after 10-15 seconds in boiling water: ready to undress!
5 pounds of fresh and peeled garden tomatoes.
Peeled tomatoes, coarsely chopped.
Thick-fleshed and not-so-juicy varieties, like Romas, San Marzanos and other plum-shaped varieties make the best sauces because they contain less water, thus take less time to cook. You can use any variety; if you choose plum and juicy tomatoes, you’ll just have to let your sauce simmer longer.
Humble (but very tasty!) garden tomatoes.
A very basic fresh tomato sauce is seasoned solely with salt and pepper. From there, you can add onion, herbs, garlic or red pepper flakes.
Optional fresh tomato sauce seasonings: onion, garlic, dried oregano, red pepper flakes, fresh basil.
How to Use the Sauce
Because this sauce has a very fresh and bright taste, I wouldn’t weight it down by adding ground meat in it. I use it on pizzas, on croutons topped with torn fresh mozzarella to make a simple bruschetta, as a dip, or in simple pasta dishes:
- Serve it with linguine, fresh basil and shaved parmigiano-reggiano;
- Simmer it with canned tuna (packed in olive oil) and chopped black olives, served on rigatoni pasta, topped with a ton of grated parmigiano-reggiano;
- Use it as a basic sauce to incorporate in a vegetarian lasagna or to serve with veal and spinach cannelloni;
- Incorporate cooked veal, lemon and thyme meatballs and serve with spaghetti.
How to make Fresh Tomato Sauce
This is my favorite way to make a fresh tomato sauce. When I first made it, I turned to my vegetarian bible, Vegetarian Cooking for Everyone by Deborah Madison, for basic guidance and then built my own version. I love it with all the flavorings because, that way, I think it’s ready for use in a variety of ways (see above). I even stray from tradition by using a bit of white wine to deglaze my pan after the onion, garlic and red pepper flakes have cooked together. I find it deepens the flavors and mellows the fresh (and sometimes acidic) tomato taste.
Some people will argue that adding fresh basil to a hot sauce isn’t a good idea. Basil is a delicate taste and it must be added to the sauce at the right moment. Freezing and high heat will kill the basil’s flavor. If you plan to freeze your sauce, don’t add basil at all. Remember to always add it right before serving, when the sauce is hot but off the heat. That way, the basil will delicately infuse the sauce with its flavor and you’ll be able to taste it.
Makes from 4 to 6 cups of sauce, depending on the tomato variety
5 lbs (2,25 kg) fresh tomatoes (Roma, San Marzano or any other variety)
2 tablespoons olive oil
1 medium yellow onion, finely diced
4 garlic cloves, finely diced
½ teaspoon red pepper flakes
¼ cup white wine
½ teaspoon dried oregano
1 to 1 ½ teaspoons sea salt
Freshly ground black pepper
About ¼ cup fresh basil leaves, lightly packed
Peel the tomatoes: Bring a big pot of water to a vigorous boil. Slice a shallow “X” on the bottom of each tomato. Plunge them in the boiling water until you see their skin roll back, 10 to 15 seconds. Fish them out and let them cool for a couple of minutes before removing their skins. Do this step in 2 or 3 batches to make sure there’s just one layer of tomatoes in your pot at a time.
Prepare the tomatoes: One the tomatoes are peeled, chop them roughly, or very finely, depending on how you like your sauce. Keep everything in a bowl: the flesh, the seeds and the juice.
Cook your base: Heat the olive oil in a big pot over medium-low heat. Add the onion, garlic and red pepper flakes and cook until wilted and translucent (don’t let it brown!), about 5 minutes. Pour the white wine into the pot and scrape the flavorful bits that may have stuck to the bottom of the pot. Let the wine evaporate (about 3 minutes more).
Simmer your sauce: Addthe chopped tomatoes as well as the oregano, ½ teaspoon sea salt and freshly ground pepper to the pot. Raise the heat to medium-high to bring the sauce to a boil then turn the heat to low again to let it simmer, uncovered. Stir once in a while.
Your cooking time will vary from 20 to 45 minutes depending on the kind of tomatoes you used (less time for Italian varieties; more time for regular garden tomatoes). You want your final sauce to be thick, not watery. A trick is to look at your sauce before stirring it when it has simmered for a few minutes. At first, you’ll see a thick layer of watery juices rise to the surface. As your sauce cooks, you’ll see less and less of that juice rising. The sauce is ready when it’s topped with just a thin layer of juice and you see tomato chunks surfacing here and there.
Fresh tomato sauce, before and after simmering.
When your sauce has thickened, turn the heat off and taste it. You’ll need to add ½ to 1 teaspoon more sea salt. Add the chopped basil if you’re ready to enjoy your sauce right away. Otherwise, let your sauce cool and freeze it for a later feast.